All about the fitness and health lifestyle
All about the fitness and health lifestyle

How to Protect Your Skin From Sun Damage

Last Updated:
May 12, 2022

Protect Your Skin From Sun Damage

A nice sunny day can not only boost your mood but also allows your body to absorb vitamin D. Vitamin D is crucial for our health, as it helps to build and maintain healthy bones, and regulate our bodies. However, too much sun can cause burning and damage to our skin. Below are several ways you can protect your skin from sun damage while getting essential vitamin D.

Why Does the Sun Cause Skin Damage?

The sunlight itself is not what damages your skin, instead, it is the UV or ultraviolet light the produces. UV is a type of radiation that cannot be seen by the naked eye. These UV rays can penetrate your skin, causing damage. UVA rays can cause sunburn and skin cancer, whereas UVB rays contribute to cancer and premature aging. Even on a cloudy day, the sun will produce UV rays, this is why it is so important to protect your skin every day. One way to do this is by utilizing SPF.

What is SPF?

Almost everyone has heard of SPF, but do you know what it stands for and what it actually does? The sun protection factor or SPF is that measures how much UV radiation is required to penetrate the protected skin. Most commonly, the SPF rating is on sunscreen, however, it is also on moisturizer, make-up, and even some clothing items. The higher the SPF rating, the more it can protect your skin from sun damage. However, no SPF product will protect you completely, below is the effectiveness of each rating.

  • The lowest protective product is SPF 15 filtering out 93% of UV rays.
  • SPF 30 is most commonly used and filters out 97% of UV rays.
  • SPF 50 filters out 98% of UV rays.
  • Finally, SPF 100 filters out 99% of UV rays.

Choosing an SPF sunscreen

When it comes to SPF sunscreens, it depends on the time of year and the climate you live in. You can check the UV index for your area to see how strong UV rays are each day. For most climates, using SPF 15+ in winter is adequate. However, in spring and summer, you should be using SPF 30+ products. No SPF sunscreens are waterproof, however, some claim water resistance for 40-80 minutes. It is important to always reapply your sunscreen every two hours, or more often when swimming or exercising. If you are planning to spend a lot of time outside, especially during the day it is best to wear SPF 50+ along with protective clothing like a hat.

Other Ways to Protect Your Skin from UV Rays


Sunbathing may feel enjoyable, but it is harsh on the skin, even when using SPF. Try to stay in the shade as much as possible, especially during the hottest periods of the day. You will still get to enjoy the health benefits of the sun, but without causing potential skin damage.

Choose When To Go Outside

If you can avoid peak sun hours, which are typically between 11 am and 4 pm, you can minimize the risk of sun damage. As the sun rises and sets, it is further away from your location, meaning the UV rays are not as strong. Avoid direct exposure to the sun whenever possible.

Cover Up

When you do choose to go outside, wear loose long-sleeved clothes, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses. These items can protect your skin from the harsh UV lights while also keeping you cool.

Consume Collagen

Sun damage can stop our bodies from producing collagen, however, taking a collagen supplement can help. Collagen helps to improve skin hydration, which is a side effect of sun damage.

With summer right around the corner, it is time to take control and protect your skin from sun damage. After all, your skin health is just as important as your overall health. Create a skincare routine utilizing SPF moisturizers and remember to always apply sunscreen before leaving the house.

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